The property is unmortgaged,
free from any encumbrance,
clear title to the property.
Taxation is upon a SEK 373000, June 2016.
The publication of the EPC reference number as part of the advertisement allows for a convenient comparison of the published information with the respective information stored in the EPC database,
to check whether the published information is correct, or whether an error has occurred. EPC databases can also provide services to real estate agents by offering quick and easy access
to the general building information they need for advertising.
The EPC and its recommendations provide information and advice to owners and tenants of buildings on how to assess and improve a building’s energy performance.
The EPC database delivers useful information for energy‐related policy assessment and development, such as for reporting energy savings due to energy efficiency measures carried out in the building sector,
or for launching investment strategies for increased energy efficiency standards in building renovation.
Apart from EPC information stored in the central database, EPCs can be used in various other contexts, e.g., as adding the EPC as a supporting document to the
national Green Building Council assessment scheme (e.g., in The Netherlands, Austria), using the EPC for specific programmes (e.g., “fresh schools” programme in The Netherlands),
or as a supporting document for subsidies rewarding improved energy efficiency (e.g., Cyprus, Austria).
Mandatory market mechanisms
To reach the goals defined in the Kyoto Protocol, with the least economical costs, the following flexible mechanisms were introduced for the mandatory market:
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
Joint Implementation (JI)
The CDM and JI mechanisms requirements for projects which create a supply of emission reduction instruments, while Emissions Trading allows those instruments to be sold on international markets.
- Projects which are compliant with the requirements of the CDM mechanism generate Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs).
- Projects which are compliant with the requirements of the JI mechanism generate Emission Reduction Units (ERUs).
The CERs and ERUs can then be sold through Emissions Trading. The demand for the CERs and ERUs being traded is driven by:
- Shortfalls in national emission reduction obligations under the Kyoto Protocol.
- Shortfalls amongst entities obligated under local emissions reduction schemes.
Nations which have failed to deliver their Kyoto emissions reductions obligations can enter Emissions Trading to purchase CERs and ERUs to cover their treaty shortfalls.
A Carbon Neutral Certification is a label given to businesses that offset their Scope 1 and 2 carbon footprint. Verus Carbon Neutral first calculates the carbon footprint of a business wanting to be Carbon Neutral Certified. They then offset the carbon footprint by retiring carbon credits. Offsetting allows businesses to mitigate the greenhouse gases they are unable eliminate through energy efficiencies and other reduction strategies.
Measuring carbon footprints
An individual's, nation's, or organization's carbon footprint can be measured by undertaking a GHG emissions assessment or other calculative activities denoted as carbon accounting. Once the size of a carbon footprint is known, a strategy can be devised to reduce it, e.g. by technological developments, better process and product management, changed Green Public or Private Procurement (GPP), carbon capture, consumption strategies, carbon offsetting and others.
Several free online carbon footprint calculators exist, including a few supported by publicly available peer-reviewed data and calculations including the University of California, Berkeley's CoolClimate Network research consortium and CarbonStory. These websites ask you to answer more or less detailed questions about your diet, transportation choices, home size, shopping and recreational activities, usage of electricity, heating, and heavy appliances such as dryers and refrigerators, and so on. The website then estimates your carbon footprint based on your answers to these questions. A systematic literature review was conducted to objectively determine the best way to calculate individual/household carbon footprints. This review identified 13 calculation principles and subsequently used the same principles to evaluate the 15 most popular online carbon footprint calculators. A recent study’s results by Carnegie Mellon's Christopher Weber found that the calculation of carbon footprints for products is often filled with large uncertainties. The variables of owning electronic goods such as the production, shipment, and previous technology used to make that product, can make it difficult to create an accurate carbon footprint. It is important to question, and address the accuracy of Carbon Footprint techniques, especially due to its overwhelming popularity.